Month: April 2019

Phytoplankton Plastid Proteomics & Biochemistry

The global epidemic of increased carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere has brought many researchers together in an attempt to find a solution. One such idea for sequestering CO2 out of the atmosphere is to employ phytoplankton, a dominant oceanic primary producer.

Critical Status of the Brown Bear

Tourists visit Alaska with visions of postcard-perfect wildlife and scenery dancing through their heads. They expect to see brown bears plucking salmon out of the beautiful and majestic Kenai River. The problem with this vision is the possible decline of brown bears on the Kenai Peninsula in the not-to-distant future.

New Renewable Energy Source is… Gravity?

Keyboard buttons. Coffee grounds. Cow farts. What do these things have in common? Over the years, they’ve all been put forward as possible sources of renewable energy. While they may seem crazy, scientists’ creativity is understandable — the search for clean, renewable energy is arguably the most pressing issue in modern science.

Maximizing Gibberellic Acid’s Efficiency to Increase Growth

Gibberellic acid (GA3) is a plant hormone that was first isolated from the fungus Gibberella in Japan in the 1930s. It was found to promote plant growth activity.  Gibberellic acid has since been isolated from a variety of different plant types, ranging from beans to tobacco.

CRISPR Inhibition of Prophage Acquisition in Streptococcus Pyogenes

During evolution, bacteria acquired new traits primarily by horizontal gene transfer (HGT) as a key driving force for expressing novel pathogenic properties, new colonization niches as well as metabolic adaptations [1], [2], [3], [4], [5]. Conjugation, transduction and transformation are the major mechanisms for HGT. The contributions and the impact of each mechanism are variable among species [6].

Diabetic Retinopathy via Hypertensive Modeling

This interdisciplinary study develops a novel prognostic for Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) by modeling hypertensive changes at arterial-venous (AV) crossings

Connectivity and Systemic Resilience of the Great Barrier Reef

Marine ecosystems are characterised by high levels of larval connectivity among populations linked by ocean or coastal currents [1]. Ensuring functioning and resilient ecosystems requires that processes of connectivity are maintained, particularly when the metapopulation has been widely depleted and individual patches must recolonise from neighbours [2].

Cancer Stem Cells in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC) is a cancer of the mouth epithelium with an annual incidence rate in the US of nearly 48,000 cases annually and a 5-year survival rate of only 65%. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are believed to be responsible for progression of OSCC. The project’s main goal is to observe the effect of Wnt/β-catenin signaling inhibition on oral squamous cell carcinoma.

Unraveling Complexities of Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by the formation of extracellular amyloid-beta (abeta or AB) plaques and intracellular tau plaques. This experiment explores whether the presence of normal tau-441 protein augments AB-42 aggregation.

Jellyfish Apocalypse: Problems, Causes and Opportunities

When does the future start with regards to the ocean? Rising sea levels, ocean acidification, and overfishing are problems that the ocean faces right now. An ocean full of jellyfish is a probable future. Jellyfish can be very beautiful with their movements and bioluminescence and have an interesting life cycle.

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