Month: August 2019

Bioremediation as a Tool for Resiliency in Oil Spills

With an increase in boating, offshore drilling, and transportation of oil, coastal communities are in need of a plan to clean up waterways in the event of an offshore oil spill. Manual removal of oil is a critical first step and when paired with bioremediation as a secondary method the highest possible success of oil breakdown at a spill site can be achieved.

The Population of Pollock Under Climate Change as Determined by Age, Distribution, and Prey Energy Content

Pollock, like many other species, respond to the threats of climate change within their home in the Bering Sea. Living in an ecosystem hugely affected by its seasonal ice sheet, pollock are dependent on the timing and extent of its annual movement.

Identifying Optimal Concentrations for Sonoluminescence

The purpose of this project was to identify the optimal concentrations of luminol and sodium carbonate for maximum light output by using image analysis in order to construct mathematical models in MATLAB.

The Sensitive Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea has suffered due to many pollutants; some of which have taken a major toll on the Baltic’s habitat; these pollutants include nuclear waste and agricultural chemical runoff.

In-Silico Patterning of Vascular Mesenchymal Cells in Three Dimensions

The evolution of tissue form in development, wound healing, and regeneration is a dynamic process that involves the integration of local cues on cell fate and function. These cues include interactions with soluble factors (growth factors, morphogens, dissolved gases) and insoluble factors (extracellular matrix, neighboring cells) in a three-dimensional context. A fundamental understanding of how tissue structure evolves is critical to the rational development of engineered tissues for therapeutic applications.

An Analysis of Arctic Coastal Resilience in Response to Erosion

The current environment of the Arctic coastline is shifting. As global climate change continues, the Arctic is growing progressively warmer, and as continental and glacial ice melts, increased water makes its way to the ocean basins, causing sea levels to rise in a form of eustasy, or long-term variation in sea levels, which accelerates erosion.

The Pike Plague

Throughout history there have been many plagues of all different types and forms. Though the problem we are facing today is not a terminal disease or a swarm of locusts eating our crops, the problem we are facing in Anchorage, Alaska, is the plague of the pike.

HIV Treatment as Prevention: Issues in Economic Evaluation

The results from the HTPN 052 trial reported in August 2011 demonstrated under the controlled conditions of a well-conducted clinical trial that early antiretroviral therapy (ART) can be highly effective in preventing transmission of HIV in stable heterosexual HIV-discordant couples [1].

The Mongoose, the Pheasant, the Pox, and the Retrovirus

Paleovirology is the study of ancient viruses. The existence of a paleovirus can sometimes be detected by virtue of its accidental insertion into the germline of different animal species, which allows one to date when the virus actually existed. However, the ancient and the modern often connect, as modern viruses have unexpected origins that can be traced to ancient infections.

Hormonal Signal Amplification Mediates Environmental Conditions during Development and Controls an Irreversible Commitment to Adulthood

Many animals can choose between different developmental fates to maximize fitness. Despite the complexity of environmental cues and life history, different developmental fates are executed in a robust fashion. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans serves as a powerful model to examine this phenomenon because it can adopt one of two developmental fates (adulthood or diapause) depending on environmental conditions.

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