Month: October 2019

Arctic Ice Melt and the Ivory Gull

Reduced sea ice has made a significant impact in the Arctic ecosystem. Organisms that depend on ice are particularly sensitive to the ice’s reduction. The Ivory Gull, because they are heavily dependent on the ice, could be a key indicator species to infer changes in the ice habitat.

The Neural Representation of Prospective Choice during Spatial Planning and Decisions

Goal-directed behaviour rests on being able to rapidly evaluate the potential consequences of future actions. For example, consider the neuronal processing required for planning a new route home when a road you normally take is closed

Neuronal synchrony and the relation between the blood-oxygen-level dependent response and the local field potential

Most measurements of activity in the living human brain arise from the responses of large populations of neurons, spanning the millimeter scale of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electrocorticography (ECoG) to the centimeter scale of electro- and magneto-encephalography (EEG and MEG).

Smartphone-based Ophthalmic Screening for Glaucoma

Lumos can allow patients to quickly screen for glaucoma and detect the disease in its early stages. All the patient needs is a smartphone, and the app will identify the glaucoma risk rapidly and automatically.

Applying New Technologies to Manage Solid Waste and Biosolids in Juneau

Disposal of biosolids and solid waste in an environmentally positive and cost effective method has posed a serious issue for Juneau and other Southeast communities for many years. Ever since the incineration of Juneau’s solid waste and biosolids was discontinued in 2004 and 2010, respectively, effective long­term disposal has been neglected due to cost limitations.

The Effects of Sea Ice Reduction on the Subsistence of Arctic Char (Salvelinus alpinus), Dolly Varden (Salvelinus malma) and Arctic Cisco (Coregonus autumnalis)

This paper explores the effects of climate change and induced sea ice retreat on arctic char, dolly varden and arctic cisco. These fishes are vital to the subsistence lifestyles of Inuit, Inupiat, and Inuvialuit communities living in the boroughs of northern Alaska and the Northwest Territories of Canada.

Stochastic assembly produces heterogeneous communities in the Caenorhabditis elegans intestine

The gut microbiome varies greatly between individuals, and this variation could have important health consequences. These differences may be due to deterministic differences such as genetic differences between individuals or differences in individual history and environmental exposure; stochasticity may also play a role in variation between individual communities.

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