Automatic Compilation from High-Level Biologically-Oriented Programming Language to Genetic Regulatory Networks

Synthetic biology is an emerging field at the interface of biology, engineering, and physical sciences, which focuses on the systematic design and engineering of biological systems [1]–[3]. This field brings a set of new approaches for tackling biological problems and at the same time addresses real world problems.

Eco-Friendly Method for Developing Plastics

The purpose of the project is to determine the effects of catalysts on the depolymerization of chitin using ionic liquids.

Breast Cancer Metadata Collection

This study is the first to apply deep learning to analyze tumor-associated stroma, discovering novel diagnostic biomarkers for breast cancer.

Antibiotic Exposure Perturbs the Gut Microbiota and Elevates Mortality in Honeybees

Gut microbial communities influence animal health in many ways, including synthesis of vitamins, digestion of food, defense against pathogens, and modulation of behavior, development, and immunity [1]. The gut microbial community can be disturbed by several factors: one of the most potent sources of disturbance for humans and domesticated animals is antibiotic treatment, which can severely alter community size and composition.

The Effects of Environmental Factors on the Action Potentials of Earthworms

Pesticides have helped improve the standard of living for millions of people around the world however their use has been linked to numerous ecological problems such as damaging the nervous systems of non-target organisms including humans. The purpose of this experiment is to determine the effects various environmental factors can have on the nervous systems of earthworms.

Antarctica and the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is an international agreement established to sustain the diversity of life on Earth. In 2010, following assessments showing that over the previous decade the state of global biodiversity continued to decline [1], the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 [2] (hereafter the Strategic Plan) was developed under the aegis of the CBD.

Common Cations on DNA Degradation

The process of DNA degradation is important to many scientific studies. Heat treatment is the standard procedure used to degrade genetic material by heating DNA-containing media past the DNA melting temperature

An Aromatic Sensor with Aversion to Damaged Strands Confers Versatility to DNA Repair

One of the most formidable challenges in DNA metabolism is that faced by the initiator of the nucleotide excision repair reaction as it locates damaged sites in the context of a large excess of mostly undamaged residues. This challenge is further complicated by an astounding diversity of target lesions, including cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers and pyrimidine–pyrimidone (6–4) photoproducts induced by UV (ultraviolet) light, bulky DNA adducts generated by electrophilic chemicals [1–4], a subset of oxidative products [5–7], and certain protein-DNA crosslinks.

A Thermostable β-Glucuronidase Obtained by Directed Evolution as a Reporter Gene in Transgenic Plants

There are about fifty reporter genes that have proved useful in transgenic plant research, based on their efficiency, scientific applications and commercialization. Reporter genes serve as indicators to study transgenic events, for example by facilitating visual identification of successfully transformed entities in a large background of non-transformed material.

A Tethered Bilayer Assembled on Top of Immobilized Calmodulin to Mimic Cellular Compartmentalization

Biomimetic membrane systems have been developed to study, in controlled conditions, the biological events occurring at the cell membrane interface.[1], [2] Over the past 25 years, biomimetic models have been continuously improved with the aim of better mimicking the natural environment of biological membranes while allowing deeper investigations of membrane processes with various surface sensitive techniques such as Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR), Atomic Force Microscopy, Quartz Crystal Microbalance, neutron-reflectometry, etc.

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