With an increase in boating, offshore drilling, and transportation of oil, coastal communities are in need of a plan to clean up waterways in the event of an offshore oil spill. Manual removal of oil is a critical first step and when paired with bioremediation as a secondary method the highest possible success of oil breakdown at a spill site can be achieved.
The process of DNA degradation is important to many scientific studies. Heat treatment is the standard procedure used to degrade genetic material by heating DNA-containing media past the DNA melting temperature
Disposal of biosolids and solid waste in an environmentally positive and cost effective method has posed a serious issue for Juneau and other Southeast communities for many years. Ever since the incineration of Juneau’s solid waste and biosolids was discontinued in 2004 and 2010, respectively, effective longterm disposal has been neglected due to cost limitations.
The outcome of infection by the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1, henceforth “HIV” for simplicity) is highly variable across individuals, with time to AIDS ranging from 2 years to more than 20 years [1–4]. Quantifying the fraction of this variability explained by genetic variability in the virus is important to our understanding of the mechanisms of pathogenesis and of the evolution of virulence .
Tourists visit Alaska with visions of postcard-perfect wildlife and scenery dancing through their heads. They expect to see brown bears plucking salmon out of the beautiful and majestic Kenai River. The problem with this vision is the possible decline of brown bears on the Kenai Peninsula in the not-to-distant future.
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