Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have a characteristic identification in metastasis. In order to monitor, diagnose, and analyze early-stage non-hematologic cancers, these rare cells must be separated from the whole blood with high efficiency. Thus, a microfluidic chip coated with E-selectin and microscopic inclined three-dimensional groove and wave patterns, which increases the probability of cell contact and separates the leukocytes and CTCs even further, is created.
Well-built seawalls have long been used as an inexpensive way to control coastal erosion. Seawalls are associated with reduced aesthetic value, and increased erosion at the ends and in front of the seawall.
The process of DNA degradation is important to many scientific studies. Heat treatment is the standard procedure used to degrade genetic material by heating DNA-containing media past the DNA melting temperature
Alzheimer’s is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by the formation of extracellular amyloid-beta (abeta or AB) plaques and intracellular tau plaques. This experiment explores whether the presence of normal tau-441 protein augments AB-42 aggregation.
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