Very little research has been done on the effects changing ocean pH has on the food source of shellfish. However, since one of the issues shellfish have with changing ocean pH is that they have less energy to take care of other vital needs like obtaining food, researching how changing ocean pH affects the phytoplankton could be significant.
Eugene – A Domain Specific Language for Specifying and Constraining Synthetic Biological Parts, Devices, and Systems
In its development as an engineering field, synthetic biology is at a stage where encapsulation has been identified as a fundamental challenge. Encapsulation will enable design re-use, sharing, and software tool development, all of which greatly increase synthetic biology’s ability to grow both in complexity and in community size.
The outcome of infection by the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1, henceforth “HIV” for simplicity) is highly variable across individuals, with time to AIDS ranging from 2 years to more than 20 years [1–4]. Quantifying the fraction of this variability explained by genetic variability in the virus is important to our understanding of the mechanisms of pathogenesis and of the evolution of virulence .
The purpose of this experiment was to determine what formula would most accurately represent the velocity of an individual’s walking, speed walking, or jogging pace based on the length of their leg. Finding the correct formula could give amputees as easier transition to their new leg.
Soon after W. D. Hamilton revolutionized behavioral ecology with his ground-breaking papers formalizing the theory of inclusive fitness , field biologists swarmed out into the world to critically examine behavioral phenomena that were potentially dependent on genetic relatedness for their evolution. Among the more notable of these behaviors was that of cooperative breeding, in which individuals of the same species beyond a breeding pair—“helpers” or “helpers at the nest”—appear to altruistically cooperate to raise young at a single nest or brood.
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