Very little research has been done on the effects changing ocean pH has on the food source of shellfish. However, since one of the issues shellfish have with changing ocean pH is that they have less energy to take care of other vital needs like obtaining food, researching how changing ocean pH affects the phytoplankton could be significant.
Pollutants that resist breakdown and accumulate in the food chain are of great concern because they are consumed or absorbed by fish and other marine wildlife, which in turn are consumed by humans (NOAA, 2003). One of the most dangerous and controversial contaminants today is tributyltin (TBT). Tributyltin is one of the most poisonous substances to be released to the aquatic environment (Knutzen, 1995). It is used in many of the world’s marine paints to keep barnacles, seaweed, and other organisms from clinging to ships.
The topic of developing oil prospects in Alaska by offshore drilling concerns of damaging the Arctic environment and the marine life in many ways. The consequences of an oil spill are waters off Alaska are not only financial but oceanic. The offshore drilling affects wildlife directly.
The effect fish processing bio-waste has on surrounding environments, habitats, and organisms is highly controversial. Although it is a natural pollutant, fish bio-waste has the ability to affect oxygen levels, salinity, temperature, pH levels, and the overall abundance of organisms in sea water.
This paper explores how the declining rate of sea ice affects the harp seal. Prior to researching, harp seal population was anticipated to diminish due to habitat loss from warming ocean temperatures. It will start by discussing the sea ice projections for the next 50 years and how much it is predicted to decrease.
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