With an increase in boating, offshore drilling, and transportation of oil, coastal communities are in need of a plan to clean up waterways in the event of an offshore oil spill. Manual removal of oil is a critical first step and when paired with bioremediation as a secondary method the highest possible success of oil breakdown at a spill site can be achieved.
Very little research has been done on the effects changing ocean pH has on the food source of shellfish. However, since one of the issues shellfish have with changing ocean pH is that they have less energy to take care of other vital needs like obtaining food, researching how changing ocean pH affects the phytoplankton could be significant.
The effect fish processing bio-waste has on surrounding environments, habitats, and organisms is highly controversial. Although it is a natural pollutant, fish bio-waste has the ability to affect oxygen levels, salinity, temperature, pH levels, and the overall abundance of organisms in sea water.
The Homer Spit contributes to the community’s economic, social, and environmental value. Economically it is the business center of our tourism industry. Socially it holds much history of the town and contains the harbor. Environmentally, it is a key habitat for many marine species. Identifying the risk components on the spit can be daunting.
Narwhal populations number around 80,000 individuals (Laidre, n.d.). Threats to narwhals include polar bears, orca whales, and entrapments in sea ice (“The Narwhal’s Tale: Surviving Sea Ice Change,” 2012). Other potential problems include the melting of global sea ice, which will reshape their habitat.
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