Biochemistry

B. thetaiotaomicron in the Presence of Yogurt

The microbiome of humans contains an estimated 100 trillion microbial cells as well as an estimated quadrillion viruses. It is responsible for energy harvest, the breakdown of indigestible carbohydrates, the production of important biological molecules, and, most importantly, proper immune system development.

Methods of Reusing Food Waste

The development of an algorithm through the assessment of nutrients in a recycled food supplement for canines.

Method of Targeting Circulating Tumor Cells

Cancer metastasis accounts for 90% for all cancer-related deaths. Thus, treatment and prevention of secondary tumor formation is vital. A liposome coated with an adhesion molecule and death ligand is proposed in order to target the cancer cells in the bloodstream.

Caffeine in Weight Loss Supplements

Caffeine is a central nervous system stimulant that has powerful effects on the body. It blocks adenosine receptors, preventing adenosine from binding and calming us down. As a result, caffeine promotes wakefulness and improves performance function in low doses.

Hydrogen Sulfide Hastens New Leaf Growth

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a gas with a distinctive rotten egg smell that is widely found in the environment from volcanoes, sulfur springs, undersea vents, swamps, municipal sewers, and in crude petroleum and natural gas (1). H2S is toxic at high concentrations, but at very small amounts, it can help plants and our bodies in many ways, including the improvement of plant germination and drought resistance, protection against cardiovascular diseases, and stimulation of memory (2-9).

Ultrasound for Autonomous Heart Attacks

Every year, half of the 610,000 heart attack deaths in the United States are due to a lack of prompt medical attention. Currently, most technologies fail to fix the problem, as they simply take too long to be able to detect a heart attack in time.

Translational Genomics of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) does not respond to receptor targeted treatments because they do not possess the ligands to bind to these receptors. Thus, more research needs to be explored in terms of the translational modifications that genes undergo during this disease.

Phytoplankton Plastid Proteomics & Biochemistry

The global epidemic of increased carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere has brought many researchers together in an attempt to find a solution. One such idea for sequestering CO2 out of the atmosphere is to employ phytoplankton, a dominant oceanic primary producer.

Maximizing Gibberellic Acid’s Efficiency to Increase Growth

Gibberellic acid (GA3) is a plant hormone that was first isolated from the fungus Gibberella in Japan in the 1930s. It was found to promote plant growth activity.  Gibberellic acid has since been isolated from a variety of different plant types, ranging from beans to tobacco.

Constructing Silver Nanoparticles

Each year, over two million new cases of skin cancer are diagnosed, which is greater than the combined incidence of cancers of the breast, prostate, lung and colon. Therefore, prevention of skin cancer from the harmful effects of UV remains a priority area of research.

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