Use of Carbon Dioxide as a Renewable Reagent

Petroleum is heavily depended upon for energy production, the production of plastic, and the manufacturing of multiple important chemicals. Though petroleum is said to have broad areas of applications and the capacity to constantly produce a large amount of energy cheaply, it is also a nonrenewable resource that destroys our everyday environment. This project focuses on using wasted carbon dioxide as a renewable reagent to catalytically synthesize commercially useful cyclic carbonates.

Summary of Research

Petroleum is heavily depended upon for energy production, the production of plastic, and the manufacturing of multiple important chemicals. Though petroleum is said to have broad areas of applications and the capacity to constantly produce a large amount of energy cheaply, it is also a nonrenewable resource that destroys our everyday environment. The extraction and burning of petroleum not only generates greenhouse gases which contribute to environmental pollution and leads to the increase of global warming, but when burned also releases toxic and carcinogenic (cancer causing) chemicals that are harmful both to us and the planet. As the population increase, the global demand for both energy and chemicals is gradually sky rocketing.Therefore, as a solution to this problem of utmost importance, the development of alternative and sustainable starting materials for chemical synthesis is necessary.

The goal of this experiment was to utilize waste carbon dioxide as renewable reagent to develop and synthesize a commercially useful chemical – Cyclic carbonates. As cyclic carbonates are degradable and less toxic, they have a wide range of applications that include being used as polar aprotic solvents for paint and grease removal, to formulate certain pharmaceuticals and cosmetic products, precursors for polycarbonates, intermediates for small organic materials, and as an electrolyte medium for lithium ion batteries.

The results suggested that cyclic carbonates could be produced in a one-pot reaction using commercially available synthetic alkenes such as Hexene, styrene, octene, and cyclohexene. The carbonates synthesized were more economically and environmentally beneficial when compared to cyclic carbonates produced in recent literature.

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Use of Carbon Dioxide as a Renewable Reagent

Petroleum is heavily depended upon for energy production, the production of plastic, and the manufacturing of multiple important chemicals. Though petroleum is said to have broad areas of applications and the capacity to constantly produce a large amount of energy cheaply, it is also a nonrenewable resource that destroys our everyday environment. This project focuses on using wasted carbon dioxide as a renewable reagent to catalytically synthesize commercially useful cyclic carbonates.

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2018 ScienceBuzz Symposium

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We are excited to announce the first annual ScienceBuzz Symposium, dedicated to middle and high school students. The conference and registration is completely free! Currently, the symposium date is June 9, 2018.

Pre-register for the symposium by visiting the conference website or clicking here. There are a limited number of seats and we expect to fill up quickly, so register ASAP. The event will include several internationally-renowned speakers, workshop sessions, company exhibitions, scholarships, and research presentations. 

 

The 2018 ScienceBuzz Symposium is the first, completely free conference exclusively for middle and high school students. Our theme for this year is “One Day of Powerful Talks.”

It will be hosted in Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania, but will include students from around the state and nearby regions. The event will have national guest keynote speakers (including a Nobel Prize Laureate, the head of a leading scientific institution, college admissions officers, university professors, leaders in gifted education, and top biopharma executives). It will also include workshop sessions, student poster presentations, five research scholarship awards, organizational and company exhibitions, and unique networking opportunities.

To learn more about the symposium, agenda, and logistical details, visit our website at www.sciencebuzz.wixsite.com/symposium

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